Cardis are an ancient breed who originated as Cattle droving dogs. They are agile, hard working and make excellent pets. Today they have been awarded a place on the Native Vulnerable Breed list due to their declining numbers.
The two varieties of Corgi came from a common root-stock and were not divided officially until the mid-1930s, but time has led to some variations, which are now more obvious even if not all specifically mentioned in the standards.
The Cardigan is thought to be the older of the two varieties of Welsh Corgi, with a history going back to around 1200. It has also been called the Yard Dog, because its length from tip of nose to end of outstretched tail is the measurement for a Welsh yard.
The Cardigan allows for more colours of coat than the Pembroke; in fact, it permits any colour so long as white does not predominate. The ears are a trifle larger and set slightly wider in the Cardigan, and the feet should be round rather than oval. The tail, for such a relatively low-set dog, is long, appears heavy and is carried low, nearly reaching the ground when at rest.
In terms of temperament, the Cardigan gives the impression of being a more restful character than his cousin, but he is perfectly capable of coming alive whenever he is asked to. He is known as a true companion and worker, capable of fitting into all kinds of lifestyles with the minimum of fuss. It is surprising that such a delightful breed has never achieved the popularity that it deserves.
Sturdy, tough, mobile, capable of endurance. Long in proportion to height, terminating in fox-like brush, set in line with body.
Alert, active and intelligent.
Alert, intelligent, steady, not shy or aggressive.
Head and Skull
Head foxy in shape and appearance, skull wide and flat between ears tapering towards eyes above which it is slightly domed. Moderate stop. Length of foreface in proportion to head 3 to 5, muzzle tapering moderately towards nose which projects slightly and in no sense blunt. Under-jaw clean cut. Strong but without prominence. Nose black.
Medium size, clear, giving kindly, alert but watchful expression. Rather widely set with corners clearly defined. Preferably dark, to blend with coat, rims dark. One or both eyes pale blue, blue or blue flecked, permissible only in blue merles.
Erect, proportionately rather large to size of dog. Tips slightly rounded, moderately wide at base and set about 8 cms (31/2 ins) apart. Carried so that tips are slightly wide of straight line drawn from tip of nose through centre of eyes, and set well back so that they can be laid flat along neck.
Teeth strong, with scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
Muscular, well developed, in proportion to dog’s build, fitting into well sloping shoulders.
Shoulders well laid, angulated at approximately 90 degrees to upper arm; muscular, elbows close to sides. Strong bone carried down to feet. Legs short but body well clear of the ground, forearms slightly bowed to mould round the chest. Feet turned slightly outwards.
Chest moderately broad with prominent breast bone. Body fairly long and strong, with deep brisket, well sprung ribs. Clearly defined waist. Topline level.
Strong, well angulated and aligned with muscular thighs and second thighs, strong bone carried down to feet, legs short; when standing, hocks vertical, viewed from side and rear.
Round, tight, rather large and well padded.
Like a fox’s brush, set in line with the body and moderately long (to touch or nearly touch ground). Carried low when standing but may be lifted a little above body when moving, not curled over back.
Free and active, elbows fitting close to sides, neither loose nor tied. Forelegs reaching well forward without too much lift, in unison with thrusting action of hindlegs.
Short or medium of hard texture. Weather-proof, with good undercoat. Preferably straight.
Any colour, with or without white markings, but white should not predominate.
Height: ideal 30 cms (12 ins) at shoulder. Weight in proportion to size with overall balance the prime consideration.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
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